The Bounty Teacher's Guide

Scalping Outside the dawnland

References - Lessons Two, Three and Four

Axtell, James. The European and the Indian: Essays in the Ethnohistory of Colonial North America. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1981.
Axtell, James and William C. Sturtevant. “The Unkindest Cut, or Who Invented Scalping.” The William and Mary Quarterly 37. no. 3 (July 1980): 451- 472
Bailyn, Bernard. The Barbarous Years: The Peopling of British North America: The Conflict of Civilizations, 1600-1675. New York: Knopf, 2012.
Ball, Margaret Haig Roosevelt Sewall. “Grim Commerce: Scalps, Bounties, and the Transformation of Trophy-Taking in the Early American Northeast, 1450-1770.” PhD diss. University of Colorado, 2013.
Barcott, Bruce. “The Real Story of the 49ers: The reality of the early gold-rush prospectors was not nearly as benevolent as the mascot’s wide smile might suggest,” The Atlantic, February 2, 2020.
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Continue on to the next section:

Appendix A: Land Grants to Scalpers